Cheung LC, Tang JC, Lee PY, Hu L, Guan XY, Tang WK, Srivastava G, Wong J, Luk JM, Law S.
A new human esophageal cancer cell line, HKESC-4, was established from a nude-mouse xenograft of a moderately differentiated esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) developed from a 65-year-old Hong Kong Chinese man. The cellular characteristics (morphological, electron microscopic, and immunohistochemical studies), tumorigenicity in athymic nude mice, cytogenetic features, and DNA ploidy of the cell line were investigated. The cell line was maintained in vitro for 17 months and passaged 80 times. HKESC-4 grew as a monolayer, with a doubling time of 63 hours. The epithelial nature of HKESC-4 included the presence of cytokeratin intermediate filaments, as shown by antibodies (AE1/AF3, CAM5.2, and MAK 6), and the presence of the tonofilaments, as seen under electron microscopy. HKESC-4 was tumorigenic in nude mice and had DNA aneuploidy. The cytogenetic abnormalities of HKESC-4 included -1, -2, -3, -4, -5, -6, -7, -8, -9, -10, -11, -12, -15, -16, -17, -18, -19, +20, -21, -22, +del(11)(p11), +i(11)(q10), and +21 marker chromosomes. Comparative genomic hybridization analysis demonstrated chromosomal gains at 1p36.13, 3q23 approximately q28, 5p15.33 approximately p15.1, 6p25.1 approximately p22.3, 7p21.3 approximately p11.2, 7q11.21 approximately q21.13, 8q23.3 approximately q23.3, 11p11.2, 11q12.1 approximately q13.2, 14q21.3 approximately q32.2, 17p13.3, 18p11.32 approximately p11.31, and 20p13 approximately p12.2 and chromosomal losses at 1q12, 2p25.1 approximately p24.3, 13p13 approximately p11.2, 21p, 22p13 approximately p11.2, and Y. The newly established cell line HKESC-4 promises to be a useful tool in future studies of molecular pathogenesis and therapeutics in ESCC.
- PMID: 17889704 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]